The Coast Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) is an evergreen, long-lived, naturally occurring monoecious tree, distributed along a narrow strip of land, along the pacific coast of North America.
Reaching an impressive height up to 115.9 m (380.1 ft) in height (without the roots) and up to 8.9 m (29 ft) in diameter at breast height, the Coast Redwood, is the world’s tallest tree specie
The pacific coast of North America, which is the native area, of the Coast redwood, provides a unique environment with heavy seasonal rains up to 2,500 mm (100 in) annually. Which is the best environment for the propagation of the tree specie.
The Coast redwood produces, sexually through seeds, and asexually through propagation of branches.
The tree is known to be resistant to many insect and fungal attack, and rot. As such it has been harvested for its woods, which retain this quality to build homes.
The oldest known coast redwood is about 2,200 years old.
Scientists are able to know the age of a tree from the rings in its trunks, by drilling a boring tool into the trunk of the tree. After which the tree is left alone to heal itself overtime.
The redwood is also known to absorbed water from fog, through their leaves, despite the adequate rainfall in the region.
But due to their ginormous sizes, the trees suck in water like a towel.